How Long For A Coffee Tree To Produce: [Explained]

How long does it take for a coffee tree to produce

Most coffee trees begin producing cherries 3-4 years after planting, and reach peak production around 7-8 years of age. However, coffee trees can produce for up to 20 years or more with proper care.

How Long For A Coffee Tree To Produce

Coffee trees begin producing fruit 3-4 years after planting, and reach peak production around 7-8 years. After 15-20 years, yields begin to decline, and trees are typically replanted.

How Long for a Coffee Tree to Produce

The Coffee Tree Life Cycle

The coffee tree (Coffea spp.) is a perennial plant that can live for up to 100 years. However, it typically takes 3-5 years for a coffee tree to produce its first crop of coffee cherries. Once the tree begins to produce fruit, it will continue to do so for many years, with peak production occurring between 5 and 10 years after planting.

Factors Affecting Coffee Tree Yield

There are a number of factors that can affect the yield of a coffee tree, including:


Coffee trees thrive in warm, humid climates with an average temperature of 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit. They are also sensitive to frost, so they are not grown in areas with cold winters.


Coffee trees grow best in well-drained, acidic soils with a pH of 5.5-6.5. They are not tolerant of waterlogged soils or soils that are too alkaline.


Coffee trees require regular irrigation, but they are susceptible to root rot if the soil is too wet.


Coffee trees need a regular supply of nutrients, especially nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Pests and diseases:

Coffee trees are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, including coffee rust, borer beetles, and mealybugs.

Harvesting Coffee Cherries

Coffee cherries are harvested when they are ripe, which is typically when they turn a deep red color. The cherries are hand-picked or mechanically harvested, and then processed to remove the beans from the fruit.

Processing Coffee Beans

There are two main methods for processing coffee beans: wet processing and dry processing.

Wet processing:

In wet processing, the coffee cherries are pulped to remove the beans from the fruit. The beans are then fermented and washed to remove the remaining mucilage.

Dry processing:

In dry processing, the coffee cherries are dried whole. The beans are then hulled to remove the outer layer of the bean.

Roasting Coffee Beans

Once the coffee beans have been processed, they are roasted. Roasting is the process of heating the beans to a specific temperature, which brings out the flavor and aroma of the coffee.

Brewing Coffee

Coffee beans are brewed by pouring hot water over them. The type of brewing method used will affect the flavor of the coffee.


The coffee tree is a fascinating plant that produces a delicious and stimulating beverage. From planting to harvesting to roasting to brewing, there are many steps involved in bringing coffee to your cup. The next time you enjoy a cup of coffee, take a moment to appreciate the journey that it has taken to get there.

Also Read: Does Coffee Grow On Trees

FAQs: How long for a coffee tree to produce

How long does it take for a coffee tree to produce coffee beans?

A coffee tree typically takes 3-5 years to produce coffee beans.

How many coffee beans does a coffee tree produce per year?

A coffee tree can produce an average of 2,000-4,000 coffee beans per year.

What is the lifespan of a coffee tree?

A coffee tree can live for up to 100 years.

What are the different types of coffee trees?

There are two main types of coffee trees: Arabica and Robusta. Arabica coffee trees are more popular and produce higher-quality coffee beans. Robusta coffee trees are more resistant to pests and diseases, but they produce lower-quality coffee beans.

What are the factors that affect the yield of a coffee tree?

The yield of a coffee tree can be affected by a number of factors, including climate, soil conditions, and pests and diseases.

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